- How can I change the amount of memory used by my virtual machine?
- How much memory do I need to run a virtual machine?
- What is the maximum amount of memory I can assign to my virtual machine?
Change amount of RAM in my virtual machine
- Shut down your virtual machine (from the menu bar choose Actions > Shut Down)
- Open virtual machine's configuration > Hardware > CPU & Memory
Set the required amount of RAM by entering a number manually or moving the slider:
NOTE: The amount of memory assigned to a virtual machine must be multiple of 1024 or Windows may behave inappropriately. E.g. 1024, 2048, 3072 MB and so on.
Once again, we strongly recommend keeping the slider within the recommended range. Assigning more RAM than recommended may cause severe performance degradation of both Mac and virtual machine.
- Close the configuration window and start your virtual machine.
Parallels Desktop Memory Requirements
Please check system requirements of your Parallels Desktop version to see how much RAM your Mac should have for running Parallels Desktop virtual machines. System requirements can be found in a User's Guide or in the KB 124223.
Recommended memory values
The amount of memory you can assign to a virtual machine depends on the total amount of RAM your Mac computer has (to check Mac memory click on Apple logo > About this Mac).
It is recommended to assign not more than half of your Mac's memory (RAM) to a virtual machine. And if you want to run multiple virtual machines simultaneously, it applies to all of their memory combined.
NOTE: Please pay attention when exceeding the recommended RAM value - your overall Mac performance may be significantly decreased.
Maximum amount of RAM Parallels Desktop supports
In Parallels Desktop for Mac you can assign up to 8 GB of RAM to your virtual machine. In Pro Edition you can assign up to 128 GB of memory.
There is also a memory limitation that may prevent you from assigning the maximum memory - it's the maximum physical address size supported by your Mac's processor. To check the maximum address size on your Mac:
- Download and install MacCPUID utility
Run MacCPUID utility. Go to the Misc tab > Address Sizes > Physical Address.
- If the value is 64 or below, you will not be able to assign all 64 GB of Memory to your virtual machine due to the processor technology limitation.
When your virtual machine runs, by default it tries to lock all the memory assigned to it from the Mac RAM. However, your virtual machine runs on top of the macOS, so we need to make sure the macOS is always provided with efficient memory amount to run with no glitches. It was concluded the macOS should always have access to some significant amount of RAM installed on the Mac.
The amount of memory your virtual machine will use can be divided into 3 parts: - the virtualization overhead: uses only about 8-9 % of the total amount of RAM assigned to the virtual machine, however it is always stored in the Mac physical RAM. - the "main" memory, which works as RAM as such inside the virtual machine: configured in the virtual machine configuration > Hardware > CPU & Memory. - video memory: Hardware > Video (Graphics).
The virtual machine tends to use the Mac "wired" memory. This is a memory that cannot be compressed or swapped to the Mac hard disk. This is done to provide your virtual machine with the best performance. However, if your Mac runs any other applications that use the "wired" memory and the virtual machine's memory is set outside the recommended RAM range, the "wired" memory may soon reach the size of the physically available memory that will significantly degrade your Macs performance.
To avoid performance degradation of your Mac when the amount of memory assigned to your virtual machine is in "yellow" or "red" zone Parallels Desktop can swap some amount of the virtual machine's memory to the Mac Hard disk. Taking into account that the read/write speeds of the RAM and the HDD devices are significantly different, your virtual machine may endure some performance degradation.
Even though Parallels Desktop can swap some amount of the virtual machine's memory to the disk thus making the total amount of memory available for the virtual machine even bigger than the total size of the physical RAM installed on the Mac, the amount of the virtual machine's memory that cannot be swapped to the disk will always be not less than about 30% of the total memory assigned to the virtual machine. This is done to guarantee the performance and the stability of work for your virtual machine. That is why, for example, it will not be possible to assign more than 7.4 GB of memory (both the main Memory and the Video Memory) for the virtual machine running on the Mac with 4 GB of RAM installed.