About Apple M1 Chip
Apple M1 chip is a successor of iPad’s A14Z chip and the first designed specifically for the Mac. It is built on ARM architecture and includes a system on a chip (SoC) that combines numerous powerful technologies into a single silicon, featuring a unified memory architecture for dramatically improved performance and efficiency.
Software applications are heavily dependent on a computer's CPU architecture: an application that is compiled (created) for one architecture, cannot be easily run on another architecture.
Therefore, a virtual machine created on an Intel-based Mac cannot be used on a Mac with M1 Chip, and vise-versa. If you are switching from a Mac with an Intel processor to a Mac with Apple M1 Chip or the other way around, please refer to KB 125344 for more details.
Mac applications that are originally created for Intel-based Mac computers work on Mac computers with Apple M1 chip out of the box by utilizing the Rosetta framework - a translation process that allows running Intel x86_64 applications on Apple M1 chip. Rosetta can translate most Intel-based applications, but it can't translate the following executables:
Virtual Machine applications that virtualize x86_64 computer platforms.
So, due to these technical limitations, Rosetta translates applications that work in user space only. Rosetta can translate the Parallels Desktop user interface and web services, but not virtual machines.
About Parallels Desktop for Mac with Apple M1 Chip
To run virtual machines on a Mac with Apple M1 chip, Parallels engineers created a new virtualization engine that uses the Apple M1 chip hardware-assisted virtualization and allows to run ARM-based virtual machines. All of the best Parallels Desktop features were re-engineered for the Apple M1 chip, including:
- Choose to have Windows invisible while still using its applications in Coherence Mode, side-by-side with Mac apps.
- Shared Profile Tool that enables you to share your Mac desktop, pictures, documents, and other folders with Windows, allowing you to easily access them from Windows applications.
- Touch Bar controls for Windows applications - truly seamless experience running a Windows app on a Mac.
- Your Mac keyboard layouts are added automatically to Windows for greater productivity.
- And hundreds of other Parallels Desktop features await to be discovered.
Note: See the list of supported operating systems in Parallels Desktop on Mac with Apple M1 chip.
To run Windows 10 and its applications on a Mac with Apple M1 Chip, you need to install Windows 10 on ARM Insider Preview that can run the majority of Intel-based Windows 10 applications by using a built-in emulator.
Note: for installing Windows 10 on ARM Insider Preview in Parallels Desktop see KB 125375.