Install macOS Monterey 12 virtual machine on a Mac with Apple M1 chips

184 users found this article helpful

In collaboration with Apple, Parallels engineers created the world's first prototype of a macOS Monterey virtual machine (VM) running on a Mac with Apple M1 chips. With Parallels Desktop 17 for Mac, you can now download and install a macOS VM on Apple M1 chips just with a few clicks. 


Note: Parallels Desktop doesn't support creating a macOS Monterey 12 virtual machine from the .app installation image on Mac computers with Apple M1 chips.


Requirements

To install a macOS Monterey 12 virtual machine on a Mac with Apple M1 chips (macOS ARM VM), the computer must have macOS Monterey 12 beta 3 or newer installed as the main macOS.

Automatic Installation

To install the VM, start Parallels Desktop 17 and follow the steps below:

1. Click the Parallels Desktop icon on the top menubar (||) > Control Center.

2. Click + on the top right corner > Continue > scroll to the right under Free Systems > select Download macOS 12.

3. Click Download and proceed with the installation.

Manual Installation

Alternatively, you can download the required installation file manually, so that you can install multiple new virtual machines from a local file. 

  1. Get a download URL. To do it, execute the following command in Terminal:

     /Applications/Parallels\ Desktop.app/Contents/MacOS/prl_macvm_create --getipswurl
     
  2. Copy the output URL, paste, and follow it in your browser.
  3. Once the file has been downloaded, use the following Terminal command:
     

    /Applications/Parallels\ Desktop.app/Contents/MacOS/prl_macvm_create <path_to_ipsw> <path_to_macVM> --disksize <bytes>

    e.g.

    /Applications/Parallels\ Desktop.app/Contents/MacOS/prl_macvm_create ~/Downloads/UniversalMac_12.0_21A5294g_Restore.ipsw ~/Parallels/macOS.macvm --disksize 80000000000

    Note. macOS ARM virtual machine's hard drive size can only be set once at the moment of creation. There is currently no way to change it afterwards.
     
  4. Wait for the installation to complete. You will see progress in the Terminal output.
  5. Once finished, locate the file in ~/Parallels/ (your home folder > "Parallels"), drag and drop the file to Control Center, or open the file with Parallels Desktop via Finder.

Install Parallels Tools

Please note that Parallels Tools functionalities in macOS virtual machines on M1 Mac computers are very limited. Parallels Engineering Team is researching ways to expand the list of supported features in future product updates. Shared Clipboard has already been added. To enable this feature, please install Parallels Tools.

  1. Open Finder in the macOS virtual machine.
  2. From the list of locations on the sidebar, select the "Parallels Tools" drive.
  3. Double click on the "Install" icon.
  4. Wait for the Parallels Tools installation to start. Enter macOS (VM) password when prompted.
  5. Wait for the Parallels Tools installation to complete. 
  6. Restart macOS VM.

Limitations

To run a macOS Monterey VM on Mac computers with Apple M1 chips, Parallels Desktop 17 uses new technology introduced in macOS Monterey, that's why it is not possible to run earlier versions of macOS on a Mac with Apple M1 chips.

Most productivity and integration features are not available to this VM yet. It is not possible to suspend and resume the VM, shared folders and snapshots are not supported for now. Apart from that it is currently not possible to adjust guest macOS screen resolution in real-time mode when resizing ratio; to change virtual machine amount of CPU and RAM or its hardware parameters (Device UUID and Serial number) and to register with Apple ID. USB and camera sharing are also missing in macOS Monterey VM running on a Mac with Apple M1 chips so far.

To learn more about all limitations of macOS virtual machines on Mac computers with Apple M1 chip, please visit KB 128867.

Note: On Mac computers with Intel processors macOS Monterey 12 VM is featured with a full list of enhanced integration similar to what other Intel-based macOS virtual machines have.

You have already left your feedback.