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How do I install Parallels Tools in Ubuntu Virtual Machine?

APPLIES TO:
  • Parallels Desktop 8 for Mac
  • Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac
  • Parallels Desktop 6 for Mac
  • Parallels Desktop 5 for Mac
  • Parallels Desktop for Windows & Linux

Symptoms

Trying to install Parallels Tools in the Virtual Machine running Ubuntu I am getting the error message that Parallels Tools need the kernel source.

Cause

The following packages are necessary in order to install Parallels Tools in the VM running Ubuntu: linux-headers  and build-essential

You need to install those packages before Parallels Tools installation.

Resolution

Install the packages 'linux-headers' and 'build-essential' using the following command in console:
# sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) build-essential


After the packages are installed try to install Parallels Tools again following the steps below:

1. Start the virtual machine.

2. Make sure the Virtual machine's CD/DVD drive is pointed to a Default empty drive



3. When the operating system boots up, click Virtual Machine and choose Install Parallels Tools.
The prl-tools-lin.iso image file will be mounted to the virtual machine's CD/DVD drive.
You can connect and mount the Parallels Tools ISO image file manually. Right-click the CD/DVD drive icon in the virtual machine's window status bar and choose Connect Image. In the Finder window, go to the hard disk folder (normally named "Macintosh HD"), select  /Library/Parallels/Tools/ folder (for Parallels Desktop 7) or /Applications/Parallels Desktop.app/Contents/Resources/Tools/ (for Parallels Desktop 8), select the prl-tools-lin.iso file, and click Open to connect it to the virtual machine.

4. Start a terminal in your Ubuntu virtual machine. 

Change the directory to the CD/DVD drive directory:

for Ubuntu 12.04:

cd /media/Parallels\ Tools/


for Ubuntu 13.04:
cd /media/<username>/Parallels\ Tools/



In the CD/DVD drive directory, enter the following command to launch Parallels Tools installation:
sudo ./install

5. Follow the Parallels Tools Installer instructions to complete the installation.

6. When the installation of Parallels Tools is complete, restart your virtual machine.



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